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Viking 20 years and Space Physics in Uppsala and Sweden Mats André.

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1 Viking 20 years and Space Physics in Uppsala and Sweden Mats André

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4 Brief History of Space Science 1480´s, Astronomy lectures in Uppsala 1741, Celsius astronomy professor in Uppsala 1942, Oct 3, A4 launch Peenemunde 1952, Uppsala UJO (Willy Stoffregen) 1957, Oct 4, Sputnik , Kiruna KGO/IRF (Bengt Hultqvist) 1961, first Swedish sounding rocket 1967, first Swedish satellite instrument 1986, Viking, first Swedish satellite

5 NrÄndamålÅrMånDag Lokal tid (UT) PlatsRaketResultat Topp- höjd Nyttolast- vikt (kg) P/L bygge Sond- typ UJO-1Jonprob D-skikt :00:00 White Sands Boosted ArcasAntennskada inga data. Bärgad89 UJOA UJO-2Jonprob D-skikt :00:00 White Sands Boosted ArcasData km.Bärgad81 UJOA UJO-3Jonprob D-skikt :00:00 White Sands Boosted ArcasInga data under 70 km99 UJOA UJO-4Na-Li-utsläpp :25:00Wallops Isl.Boosted Arcas Lyckat. Vindskjuvning spred moln UJO UJO-5Jonprob D-skikt :12:00AndöyaBoosted ArcasBra data. Sjönk i havet UJOB UJO-6Natriumutsläpp :43:00AndöyaNike ApacheIngen observation från marken 185 GCA 1 UJO-7Jonprob D-skikt :09:00AndöyaBoosted ArcasBra data. Sjönk i havet UJOB UJO-8Natriumutsläpp :57:50AndöyaNike ApacheNa-emission upp till +40min 18032GCA 1 SA1/1 Jonprob D/E- skikt :50:00Esrange Boosted Arcas II Bra data. Slog ned Torneträsk UJO"Kajan" 2 SA1/2 Jonprob D/E- skikt :02:28Andöya Boosted Arcas II Andra steget tände ej.77.7UJO "Kajan" SA1/3 Jonprob D/E- skikt :23:00Andöya Boosted Arcas II Bra data. Sjönk i havet. Flygförbud UJO"Kajan" SP4 Jonprob D/E- skikt :40:10EsrangePetrel 14715UJO

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7 Sundkvist et al., Nature, 2005

8 Rosetta LAP -- IRF Uppsala Täthet, temperatur, vindhastighet

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10 Swedish Spacecraft, Research Viking (1986) Freja (1992) Astrid-1 (1995) Astrid-2 (1998) Munin (2000) Odin (2001) SMART-1 (2003, ESA, moon) Prisma (2008, technical test) MicroLink (2009, technical test) Instruments on ESRO-1A (1967), ESRO-1B (1967), ESRO-4 (1972), GEOS-1 (1977), GEOS-2 (1978), Prognoz-7 (1978), Prognoz-8 (1980), Phobos-1 (1988, Mars), Phobos-2 (1988, Mars), Ulysses (1990, heliosphere), Interball-tail (1995), Interball-aurora (1995), Polar (1996), Mars-96 (1996, Mars), Equator-S (1997), Cassini (1997, Saturnus/Titan), Nozomi (1998, Mars), 4xCluster (2000), Mars Express (2003, Mars), DoubleStar (2003), Rosetta (2004, komet), Venus Express (2005, Venus) Chandrayaan (2007, månen), 3xSwarm (2009), 2xBepiColombo (2012, Merkurius), 4xMMS (2013)

11 IRF Uppsala Six instruments in space Cluster (4 spacecraft) Earth orbit (ESA) Rosetta, on its way to a comet (ESA) Cassini, in orbit around Saturn (NASA)

12 IRF Uppsala Building instruments for Swarm (3 spacecraft, ESA) 2009 BepiColombo for Merkurius (ESA/Japan) 2012 Magnetospheric Multiscale (4 spacecraft) Earth orbit (NASA) 2013 Test of miniaturized instruments? CubeSat?? Solar Orbiter, ESA, 2015? ESA to Jupiter?? Cross-Scale, several spacecraft?? MOPS, Mars??

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