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Writing a Report English 7 Mia Jönsson. Why Write a Report?  Some of the reasons to write a report are to:  Inform  Make proposals or recommendations.

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En presentation över ämnet: "Writing a Report English 7 Mia Jönsson. Why Write a Report?  Some of the reasons to write a report are to:  Inform  Make proposals or recommendations."— Presentationens avskrift:

1 Writing a Report English 7 Mia Jönsson

2 Why Write a Report?  Some of the reasons to write a report are to:  Inform  Make proposals or recommendations for change  Analyse and solve problems  Present the findings of an investigation or project  Record progress

3 Core Content English 7  Centralt innehåll  Samhällsfrågor, kulturella, historiska, politiska och sociala förhållanden samt etiska och existentiella frågor i olika sammanhang och delar av världen där engelska används.  Muntlig och skriftlig produktion och interaktion i olika situationer och med olika syften, där eleverna argumenterar ur olika perspektiv, ansöker, resonerar, värderar, utreder, förhandlar och motiverar sina åsikter.  Strategier för användning av olika typer av källor, med källkritisk medvetenhet och vedertagna sätt att ange källor, inom valt fördjupningsområde och inom andra områden.

4 Knowledge Requirements English 7  5) Eleven kan välja och med viss säkerhet använda strategier för att söka relevant information, strukturera den och värdera olika källors tillförlitlighet.  8) I skriftliga framställningar i olika genrer kan eleven formulera sig varierat, tydligt och strukturerat.  10) Eleven kan formulera sig skriftligt med flyt och viss anpassning till syfte, mottagare och situation.  11) Eleven bearbetar, och gör välgrundade förbättringar av, egna framställningar.  17) Eleven diskuterar översiktligt några företeelser i olika sammanhang och delar av världen där engelska används, och kan då också göra enkla jämförelser med egna erfarenheter och kunskaper.

5 Report or Essay? A ReportAn Essay Presents informationPresents an argument Is meant to be scanned quickly by the readerIs meant to be read carefully Uses numbered headings and sub-headingsUses minimal sub-headings, if any. May not need references and bibliography/reference list Always needs references and bibliography/reference list Uses short, concise paragraphs and dot-points where applicable Links ideas into cohesive paragraphs, rather than breaking them down into a list of dot-points Uses graphics wherever possible (tables, graphs, illustrations) Rarely uses graphics May need an abstract (sometimes called an executive summary) Will only need an abstract if it is very long, or if your lecturer asks for one specifically May be followed by recommendations and/or appendices Seldom has recommendations or appendices

6 Structure of a Report  Title page  (Abstract)  Table of contents  Introduction  Body  Conclusion  Sources  (Appendices)

7 Steps in Writing a Report  Brainstorm  Organise your information  Write an outline  Write a first draft  Re-write to improve the first draft  Edit and proofread  Consider format and layout

8 Where do I Start?  Step by step – the writing process!  Pick your topic  Narrow your topic down  Create a sample outline/disposition  Today: brainstorm topic  Wednesday: create an outline, look at a sample report

9 Topic Examples  The impact of urban sprawl in Sydney  NHL lockout in the US and Canada  Ecotourism in South Africa  Social issues Mexico – United States border  The impact of music in the Civil Rights Moment  Effects of religious affiliation in US Congress  Measures against hooliganism in Britain  Why the Falkland islands is still a British issue

10 Citations and References  All sources must be handed in!  Background material and facts MUST have sources  You are not allowed to ”borrow” sentences from other texts, unless you are quoting.   PLAGIARISM  You must rephrase to make the words your own. Never use words you do not understand!  Sources need to be listed both as citations and references!

11 Oxford System  Footnotes  After the quote or opinion, you write a footnote by using the commando:  Referenser – Infoga fotnot  In the foot note: write the last name of the author and the number of the page/s where you found the quote or opinion.

12 Harvard System  Parenthetic referencing  After the quote or opinion, you put parentheses with the last name of the author and the page number

13 Introduction (0,5 page) Introduce topic and why it is interesting. Aim and thesis (research question). Mention sources and limitations. Bodies (2-3 pages) Main part of the essay, the actual research. Divided into different parts by headings and subheadings. Opinions of others – your sources. Conclusion (0,5 page) Summary, conlusion, ”answer” your research question. (Own opinions). No new information! List of contents (1 page) Title page (1 page) List of sources (1 page)

14 Reliable Sources?  kap/kaellkritik kap/kaellkritik  -att-hitta-korrekt-information-pa-internet/ -att-hitta-korrekt-information-pa-internet/

15 Sources  University of Canberra University of Canberra  ing/reports ing/reports  Learning Skills Unit, RMIT University Learning Skills Unit, RMIT University  t/2_AssessmentTasks/assess_pdf/super%20re port%20writing.pdf t/2_AssessmentTasks/assess_pdf/super%20re port%20writing.pdf

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