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Where is local government heading? Are we heading towards fewer and larger local authorities in the Nordic countries?

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En presentation över ämnet: "Where is local government heading? Are we heading towards fewer and larger local authorities in the Nordic countries?"— Presentationens avskrift:

1 Where is local government heading? Are we heading towards fewer and larger local authorities in the Nordic countries?

2 De nordiska ländernas reformprofiler på 2000-talet (Sandberg 2010) Valfrihets- system SYSTEMKommun- reformer SVERIGEDANMARK FINLAND MARKNAD Kundval Ökat egenansvar NORGE En ingång till offentlig sektor Samordnings- reformer KOMMUN/OFF ENTLIG SEKTOR INDIVID

3 Norwegian Minister of Local Government Affairs, Liv Signe Navarsetre både behov bety brua bur danmark del domes fagfolk fått gode heller innbyggjarane kjenner klart kommunar kommune kommunestruktur landet lokal lokale lokalsamfunn meiner meir nogde noreg norske peikar politikarane rundt saman samarbeid sentralisering ser slå små står statleg store storleik større største syner tenester treng undersøkingar utfordringar utvikling viktige ynskjer

4 Finnish Minister of Local Government Affairs Henna Virkkunen Ålder åren både behövs ekonomin euro finland förpliktelser fortsätta framtiden fullmäktige genomföra genomförs kommande kommunerna kommuninvånarna kommunreformen möjligheter nära närvarande nya offentliga områden ordna personer procent reformen reformer regeringen regeringsprogrammet sådan säkerstalla samarbete samman sätt service servicestrukturreformen social- står starka staten tid tillräckligt tjänster undersökning uppgifter utredning viktigaste yrkesverksam

5 Danish Minister of Local Government Affairs, Margrethe Vestager ansvar bedre budgettet eksempel faelles fortsaette gang gennem gennemfore gerne give gode hele holder hverken klassisk kommunerne laengere langt losninger luft mennesker modernisering na offentlige okonomi okonomien okonomiske onsker pincet prioritere prioriterer prioritering reformer regeringen saette samarbejde samfund samme sektor skabe spare stat tak tid tillid udvikling velfaerd velfaerdsomrader vores

6 Swedish Minister of Local Government Affairs, Peter Norman aktivt ansvar ansvarig antikorruption arbete avgörande bolag bolagen ekonomi ekonomin europa få företag ger initiativ innebär investeringar jobb kommunala kommuner kommunernas korruption kraft krävs landsting landstingens målen möjlighet offentliga ordning reda regeringen regeringens samt samtidigt sätt skatt skatter starka stat statsfinanser sverige sveriges tider tillsyn upplägg val välfärden vet visar

7 Where are the Nordic countries heading? • Large generalist local authorities by (forced) amalgamation (the Danish model) Or • Emphasis on local autonomy (the right to reject amalgamation) in combination with  Establishing special districts (e.g. Health care) (Finland, increasingly Norway)  Strengthening individual rights/freedom of choice (Sweden)  Strengthening the regional level (Sweden??)  Accepting asymmetry (back to different rules for rural communes, densely populated communities and cities?)

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9 70 instead of 304 local authorities in Finland? 304 local authorities • Variation between local authorities • Combination of generalist local government model & special district model • Local-regional-national • (In principle) traditional political leadership 70 local authorities • Variations within local authorities • Strong generalist local authorities? • Local-national? • New political leadership (directly elected mayor, full time politicians?)

10 Aspects we (I !) do not know sufficiently about • The spatial dimension of local government: How large can a local authority become and still remain a local authority? • The micro foundations of local government: Generation Y and Z values  Is there a public demand for local government/local politics in the future?


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